With movie awards season around the corner, some entertainment pundits may use the term “category fraud” to describe races in…
This week’s chart examines the ongoing shift from actively managed to passively managed U.S. equity allocations. While active investing has historically been the predominant form of portfolio management, investors are increasingly recognizing that passive strategies are an efficient manner of capturing market beta. Within U.S. equities, the theme of fund flows migrating from active to passive has been dramatic over the past several years. Since 2007, passive strategies benefited from consistent fund inflows while active strategies continually dealt with fund outflows. With the exception of 2013, actively managed U.S. equity strategies saw net fund outflows over every calendar year since 2007. This trend continued during the first quarter of 2016 with outflows from actively managed U.S. equity strategies totaling $44.7 billion and flows of passively managed strategies gaining $27.1 billion.
Investors often view U.S. equities as an efficient asset class for which the case for passive management is the most compelling. Based on fund managers’ stated prospectus benchmarks, only 21% of large-cap U.S. equity funds who benchmark against the Russell 1000 index outperformed their index over a trailing 10-year period. Within small-cap where informational inefficiencies are greater, 52% of funds who benchmark against the Russell 2000 index outperformed their index over a trailing 10-year period. Given that the majority of actively managed funds often underperform their stated benchmarks and charge higher fees in the process, it should come as no surprise that investors are gravitating toward passively managed funds. While active managers who can generate excess returns over time are certainly desirable, identifying those consistent generators of alpha can be quite challenging, especially for efficient markets like U.S. large-cap equities.
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