The holiday spending frenzy is well underway as some of the biggest shopping days of the year, including Black Friday…
This week’s Chart of the Week shows the divergence in Monetary Policy from the ECB, Bank of Japan, and Federal Reserve. The Federal Reserve discontinued its quantitative easing (“QE”) strategy on October 29th, 2014; in contrast, after the end of 3Q14, the Bank of Japan and European Central Bank have increased asset holdings by 30% and 26%, respectively.
During the same time period, the Euro and Yen have depreciated by over 10%, now trading at approximately 85% of their 10-year averages. The Bank of Japan and European Central Bank will continue large asset purchases for the foreseeable future in an effort to reduce borrowing costs and stimulate growth.
In the short term, foreign multinational corporations should utilize suppressed borrowing costs and weaker currencies as tailwinds for exports. This is best explained by third-party consumers’ attraction to the Eurozone and Japan’s relative prices of goods. QE’s goal to stimulate economic growth has had positive externalities on each bank’s respective currency; over the long run, the currency effect should be normalized as foreign direct investment is attracted to higher revenues and profits, yielding currency demand.
The Eurozone growth estimate of 0.3% advocates further action will be taken by the ECB through QE. Increased stimulus levels will force the Euro towards parity with the dollar for the first time in over a decade. Until there are better signs of growth from Eurozone nations, the ECB will be forced to use monetary stimulus and currency demand will continue to decline.
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