The holiday spending frenzy is well underway as some of the biggest shopping days of the year, including Black Friday…
This week’s Chart of the Week examines the historical valuation premium of U.S. small-cap stocks (as represented by the Russell 2000 index) relative to U.S. large-cap stocks (based on the Russell 1000 index). A line above 1.0 indicates a higher relative valuation for the Russell 2000 compared to the Russell 1000. As of June 30th, 2014, the small-cap index carried an 18.7% premium relative to the large-cap index. Investors should typically expect small-caps to command a larger P/E multiple relative to large-caps given that small-cap stocks tend to have higher expected earnings growth rates assigned to them. Despite this, the chart above indicates that small-caps are currently at the upper end of their historical relative valuation premium. This suggests a more favorable entry point for large-cap stocks versus small-cap stocks.
With U.S. equity markets over 5-years into the current recovery and major indices trading near all time highs, small-cap stocks are facing a few headwinds. As the Fed winds down its asset purchasing program and as the market begins to anticipate a rise in interest rates, small-cap performance will be more linked to the health of the U.S. economy and face a greater sensitivity to a rise in interest rates versus large-caps. In addition, large-cap stocks derive a larger percentage of their revenues outside of the U.S. and would be poised to benefit to a greater extent over small-caps from higher expected growth rates outside of the U.S. With relative valuation levels between small-caps and large-caps currently at a high level, a better risk/reward trade-off exists for U.S. large-cap stocks.
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