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Between June 2014 and the end of January 2015, oil experienced a precipitous fall from $1071 per barrel to $45 as reduced demand and excessive supply combined to drive its price significantly lower. During that time, the Credit Suisse High Yield benchmark experienced a -3% total return, as 15% of the index is comprised of energy issuers. In February, oil recovered to $52 and the high yield benchmark rebounded by 3%. Given the wide dispersion of projected oil prices, we attempt to gauge how fairly priced both oil and high yield energy bonds currently are, based on the Baker Hughes North America Rotary Rig Count.
The Baker Hughes North America Rotary Rig Count is an important business barometer for the oil and gas industry because it tracks active oil drilling rigs and serves as a leading indicator for the demand for oil and gas products and services. The rig count nosedived from 1,931 at the end of September 2014 to 1,267 at the end of February 2015, a period of just five months.
This week’s chart divides the price of oil by the rig count. By doing this, we can see how overpriced or underpriced oil is in the context of active rigs. The blue line shows that oil was generally overpriced over the last six years and is now somewhat cheaply priced as it falls below its average shown by the dotted blue line; the significant reduction in rig count has helped to improve this ratio. The green line shows the spread of energy bonds in the Credit Suisse High Yield benchmark divided by the same rig count. It currently sits above its average, suggesting that perhaps energy high yield bonds have been oversold, and may offer a buying opportunity for value-driven investors.
1As measured by West Texas Intermediate crude, the benchmark for oil prices in the United States.
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