With movie awards season around the corner, some entertainment pundits may use the term “category fraud” to describe races in…
Recently, the California Public Employees’ Retirement System (CalPERS) announced its decision to completely shutter its hedge fund program. As a result of this news, investors have been asking whether hedge funds still deserve a spot in their portfolios. In this week’s Chart of the Week, we examine the efficacy of hedge funds compared to equity markets over the last 25 years. To do this, we compare the rolling 3-year Sharpe ratios of hedge funds (using the HFRI Fund Weighted Composite as a proxy) and equity markets (using the S&P 500 as a proxy). As a reminder, Sharpe ratios are a measure of risk-adjusted return, so a higher score represents a more attractive risk profile.
A comparison of the two indices suggests that recent hedge fund performance has been disappointing as the S&P 500 has delivered higher risk-adjusted returns over the last few years. However, most investors who have added hedge funds to their portfolios have done so to add diversification and new sources of alpha to their portfolios, so a comparison based on returns may not be entirely fair when comparing the equity market to hedge funds. Moreover, it is critical to note that the last five years have featured an impressive bull market that will naturally outpace hedge funds, which endeavor to create more attractive risk-adjusted returns by utilizing various strategies designed to limit downside risk, but also limit upside potential in times of bull markets.
So while hedge funds may surrender some return in times of significant market rallies, they can be expected to offer protection from market corrections, which are a part of every market cycle. Over the long term, the graph shows that hedge funds have indeed delivered higher risk-adjusted returns, in spite of the recent dip. Given the long-term cyclical nature of the market, when equities exhibit a correction, hedge funds should see a shift in relative performance, and once again demonstrate their utility to investors.
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